ABOUT INCONTINENCE

The incontinence is a symptom with а bedridden at the back of it pathological condition or some serious - to one extent or another - disease.

The people suffering of it often do not seek its resolution because of the discomfort being felt.

The complications that may occur from urinary incontinence are inflammation of the skin in the groin area with increasing risk of infections as well as affecting one’s lifestyle, causing changes thereof such as limitation of the social contacts, avoiding sexual relations, disturbance of the work process.
Urinary incontinence represents inability to control the urination, i.e. the loss of bladder control, causing the involuntarily leakage of urine. This affects people of all ages and sex, though women are twice more vulnerable than men. The incontinence is not a normal physiological condition associated with aging, but a pathology, which must be treated.


There are four types of urinary incontinence known as well as mixed incontinence.
 
STRESS INCONTINENCE:

This is an incontinence, which happens during coughing, sneezing, laughing, heavy lifting or performing other physical movements putting pressure or stress on your bladder. This is due to insufficient strength of the pelvic floor muscles or fascia. This weakness may occur as a result of difficult pregnancy and childbirth or due to lowered levels of estrogen during the menstrual period or after the menopause, operational interventions and in men – after prostatectomy.


OVERACTIVE BLADDER:

This is an incontinence after a feeling of sudden urge to urinate with inability to control the bladder such as during sleep, drinking water or listening to running water. There is a sudden and strong urge to urinate, which in seconds leads to leakage before the going to the toilet. It is related to damage to the innervation of the nerves of the bladder’s muscles and is associated with a series of diseases such as Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, stroke, multiple sclerosis as well as affecting the nerves resulting from operations, manipulations or traumas as well as diseases of the cardiovascular system.



OVERFLOW INCONTINENCE:

This is an incontinence which happens when the bladder is constantly full, reaching to the point of overflowing thus leaking urine. This condition may occur when the urethra is blocked due to reasons such as stones in the kidneys and bladder, tumors or enlargement of the prostate. It may result from muscle weakness of the bladder, uterine fibroid in women, diabetic polyneuropathy or other diseases.

FUNCTIONAL INCONTINENCE:

In this condition, there is no pathology of the urinary system. It occurs as a result of physical impairments, impaired mobility, poor eyesight, dementia, heavy forms of depression, not allowing the patient to realize and become aware of the need to go to the toilet.


MIXED INCONTINENCE:


Simultaneous inability to control urination and feces (feces incontinence). It occurs when at hand is a clinical picture of the several types mentioned above. Most often, it is the combination of the first two of them. Sedatives, antidepressants, diuretics, muscle relaxant and other medications may be the cause of involuntary release and leakage. Dehydration may also cause such symptoms as it results in release of concentrated urine the latter being an irritant to the bladder. The cystitis also irritates the mucous membrane and in addition to frequent urination and feeling of irritation, it may lead also to urinary incontinence.